With the advancements in technology and the changing needs of the users, it has become pivotal to apprehend the way these transformations sway the construction industry i.e., incorporating intelligent automation tools and sensors in its framework, which further molds the future buildings.
Buildings of the Future
The buildings of the future can be defined as a product of automation to create a smart responsive building, based on Human Building Interaction (HBI) and Artificial Intelligence (AI), catering to user needs, comfort, emotions, and activities
The user-centric approach to HBI focuses on building user experience i.e., how users can, want, and need to use the designed space, rather than being forced to change their behavior to adjust to space, supporting users’ activities, behavior, emotion thus, enhancing the user experience.
Understanding Human Building Interaction
Human-Building Interaction (HBI) is a nascent field that can be explicated as the interface between users and the building’s social, physical, and spatial space in such a way that it promotes optimum comfort using the latest technology.
The evolution of HBI can be understood by the transition from buildings that are functional, to buildings that have smart objects and finally, to smart buildings which integrate user needs, behavior, emotions, and activities, and perform/ respond accordingly, through the means of computing and human building interaction.
For instance, to get a comfortable room temperature and to avoid excess heat into the rooms’ curtains are used, which with time and technology got automated i.e. converted to a smart object. In the present scenario, HBI regulates the indoor temperature using devices such as ‘LUTRON’ daylight sensor, ‘RollerTroll MCGS-1-RF’ sun sensor transmitter, etc., depending on the external factors providing a comfortable environment to the user based upon his body and needs, thus making it a smart, responsive and an energy-efficient building.
Components and Tools of HBI
The design approach of HBI, is a combination of knowledge and data from its three major components namely, Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), Computing and Architecture, and Urban Design, catering to the needs of the user and the designer.
Multiple tools i.e. automation, sensory devices, and software’s can be identified under these components, some examples of these have been listed below:
HBI integrated Buildings
HBI utilizes the pre-stored data and actions through computing and generates a suitable environment for the user based on the user’s needs and response. The functioning, framework, and elements of HBI change depending upon the space and the user.
As a computing system depends on the user’s behavior, emotion, and activity, the HBI framework can utilize the data from the flowchart above, to present multiple iterations that are viable in the building. The more the data is computed, the greater is the energy efficiency of the building and the comfort level of the user due to the built milieu’s ‘smartness’.
The prime motto of HBI integrated buildings is to provide users maximum comfort. Also, helping the designers in better understanding i.e. capturing details of the client and their needs, easing the pre-study process, and, undertaking the users’ needs and behavior throughout the design process.
HBI thus bridges the gap between the user and the designer to create better designs as well as self-reliant and user-responsive Buildings.
Author: Vriti Sachdeva