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February 18, 2022 0 Comments

Retrofit and re-purposing a Sport Venue


The mere thought of designing and constructing a venue for entertainment and experience is comparable to visualizing the feeling without even being there. Think of it this way – imagine sitting in an empty stadium watching a match and now imagine sitting with a sold-out stadium. Both are the same place but the whole experience will be entirely different and may also be different in every match or event. This Fan experience is the epitome of a well-designed stadium. The more thought on the usage and experience the better memories you go back home with!

by casoyi Stadium design with @chasepitner

Why is retrofitting and updating important?

A stadium capacity depends on the site, the requirement, and how well optimized can the sightlines be to the field of play. As the stadium becomes operational there might be requirements of other facilities as expansion is always kept in mind. As matches and events are held – analysis shows the statistics of what attracts the fans to the stadium and at times it becomes crucial to expanding the capacity or the stadium requires ancillary facilities like a pavilion or a clubhouse or even more practice facilities. The requirements can vary on the need of the venue.

While construction of a venue is a heavy investment and a lot of finances and stakeholders are involved, it is always better to retrofit and re-purpose rather than demolishing and creating a new venue entirely, also keeping in mind the carbon emissions that construction gives off and the rising climate change. Stadiums carry history, heritage, and prestige connected to it; a new venue needs that time for it to become historical.

Structural Details of Beijing National Stadium

Event overlay benefits

Overhauling a stadium paves the way to keep the costs down and care for the environment without demolishing and building anew. A venue is best designed to have multiple events and quick changeable programs to cater to the need of the event. To keep the stadiums’ operations profitable, it should be able to accommodate various settings for the type of events held. A clever redesign helps to fulfill the re-purpose of the stadium. The overlay is done keeping in mind various events held, for example, a cricket stadium can host a music concert, to do that say the stadium is optimally used by designing a retractable roof.

FivD’s involvement

We at FivD collaborate with major firms to design and re-imagine how to use the full potential of the venue. FivD truly believes in designing venues that optimizes the building and the intended spaces does justice and brings about an unforgettable event experience for the fans.

We had been involved in a retrofit project of a stadium in Atlanta, Georgia, the USA to increase the usability of the stadium. Upgrades to the existing clubhouse are being done and the seating stands are going in a redesign to increase the capacity. The process required us to study the present conditions and estimate the changes enhancing the purpose of the stadium.

We are also working on a Natatorium renovation project in Atlanta. We are using existing information with which a detailed BIM model is being worked out to study the present conditions of the Natatorium which houses 1950 seats. Once the model is complete, design changes to the viewing gallery which will incorporate wider seats, and re-design to the locker room facilities will be carried out along with a complete overhaul to the interiors. FivD believes in a conscious design and is proud to have a dedicated sports architecture team. The team is experienced and is well capable of providing specific sports venue solutions like – Bowl & Egress design, BIM management of the complex models, Wayfinding, Asset management, multi-disciplinary coordination, and Façade design.

Author: Siddharth Boruah

September 8, 2021 0 Comments

Explore Europe: The pilgrimage route for Urban Enthusiast

The idea of exploring some of the world’s most admired and livable cities would take us to Europe. There are hundreds of efficient cities within the continent which are celebrated for the success of their architecture and urban life. These are the cities where history meets advanced technology and infrastructure to create some of the most astonishing places that can serve as an eye-opener and source of inspiration for people around the world.

Many modern and contemporary masters have contributed to architectural developments through various landmark projects. Le Corbusier’s art of machine construction can be found all over France, Germany, and Switzerland. A small town called Firminy near Lyon is said to be a small, hidden example of his urban engineering. Even though all the structures were made of concrete, it was intentionally placed to introduce an interesting interplay of light and shadow that created a stir among the architectural community.

Cultural Center, Firminy
Unite de Habitation, Firminy
Sports Complex, Firminy

Another notable mention is Venice in Italy and some small nearby islands like Murano, Burano, Torcello, etc., all of which are major attractions with a different sense of urbanism. The comprehensive, interconnected network of waterways and walking streets or promenade are unlike anything else, providing not just a means of mere transportation, but also trade and commerce. The Arsenale Dockyards area, which also hosts the world’s best architectural Biennale (known the world over as the Venice Biennale), is central to the history of the city’s working society.

Rotterdam in Holland, arguably the most advanced and experimental city in the world. Home to some of the pioneers in the field of modern and contemporary art and architecture like OMA, UN studio, and Mecanoo, this city boasts of many path-breaking, efficient and sustainable architecture. Structures like the Rotterdam Markthal by MVRDV, Rotterdam central station, cube houses are just some among the many that can be admired by architecture buffs, alongside the remarkable streets, bike lanes, parks and public infrastructure of the city.

Weil am Rhein, a small village at the borders of Germany and Switzerland has a prominent site of Vitra. Vitra is well known furniture design company whose principal invited the most famous architects of its era to develop various buildings on its site. There are famous buildings of Zaha Hadid, Frank o Gehry, Sanaa, Herzog de Meuron, Buckminster fuller, Alvaro Siza, Tadao Ando, Nicolas Grimshaw, Renzo Piano, etc. within the same campus.

All in all, the vision of urban enthusiasts can be substantially enhanced by personally experiencing these futuristic places after rigorous research of the context and historical stories of the place. Their inclusive process of design brings harmony among the space and the users, which are reflected in the outcomes of the cities. It is expected that these European cities will keep evolving as the self-sustained pilot cities for the urban world, and it will govern the basic principles of future design & advance engineering.  

Healthcare Retrofitted Interiors

The Challenge  

Fortis Healthcare Limited is a multinational chain of private hospitals headquartered in India. This project had four major site locations; Fortis Kalyan and Fortis Mulund in Maharashtra, Fortis Hospital & Kidney Institute in West Bengal, and Fortis Nagarbhavi in Karnataka.  

One of the first challenges was to segregate and study these different locations and our team had to come up with making innovative concepts that were rooted in our culture and context. The team did not have access to detailed built drawings. The approach of the project had to be within a cost budget stated by the client.  
Also, as many retrofit building projects go by, structural stability can be challenge with increasing age of the buildings. In Fortis Nagarbhavi, the superstructure was not initially constructed and planned for a healthcare facility.  

The Use of Technology  

In retrofit building projects, the number of site visits is generally higher and also, special attention is given to organize documents for all the site visits. Due to the pandemic, the latter was not possible and hence, technology platform-Matterport came into play, which is a tool for 3D space capture. Matterport generated real-life spaces into immersive digital twin models and captured rooms to create truly interactive 3D models of spaces. The role of technology, especially during the pandemic helped us in studying the buildings and our team was able to visit all the sites at any point of the time virtually.   

Design Solution   

Using potent design solutions, efficiency in circulation spaces, minimal demolishing, optimized design grid, and adaptable planning, our team achieved gilt-edged spaces in each of these locations as per their context. Structural audits were carried out for these buildings to ascertain stability. For attaining the same, we strengthened the framework of the building The interior design of different locations has a specific color and material palette which is dedicated to suit the user’s involvement and illume the intense surroundings. Minimal design and applying economical material solutions helped us to make the best use of the space with a minimum budget.  

For Fortis Mulund, the concept materialized from water and greenery in Mumbai. The color theme of greens and browns are chosen to closely resemble nature which as a result is mollifying experience to the patients and visitors. In mother & child spaces, we used the Lavender theme for a lively, happy, comfortable and nurturing experience.  

In Fortis Kalyan, the minimalistic color themes are carved to impart alleviated healing experiences to ultimate users.  

In Fortis Nagarbhavi, the inspirations are drawn from the scale and vibrancy of processions. The scheme illustrates the context through its warm hues of reddish-orange with wood-look tones while keeping the articulation of forms simple and straightforward. Specific colors and material boards are used for varied functions in the hospital to make spaces unique yet connected for helping the end-user in way-finding.  

Design Impact  

Strategies of interior design and psychology helped us to ameliorate the tense situations of the hospital. The spaces derived will placate the stresses not only for patients and visitors but also for staff. Cost optimization is an accomplishment without negotiating with the design and the attribute of spaces.   

Key Learnings and Fun Stories  

‘Embrace the unknown!’ exclaimed the team.  

The surprises that came along the project while undergoing the design concept with the client were a great learning experience. Methodical organization of the documented photographs and data helped us in the transcription of vital information. The team kept on handling the activities during stressful tasks while keeping engaged in fun conversations and socializing informally among the team-mates and the client. 

March 30, 2021 0 Comments

Integrating multidisciplinary performance models

Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) is a phenomenal technology that creates digital models of buildings and project sites. VDC models are a tool for architects which they can use in tandem with contractors and engineers to visualize and plan building designs, processes, schedules, budgets, and more. FivD adopts VDC technology to analyze construction plans from start to finish before breaking ground. VDC utilizes input from the entire project team to make certain the best, most efficient and cost effective solutions have been explored and implemented.


VDC and building information modeling (BIM) technology are related, but differ in purpose. BIM technology creates a digital representation of a physical building. VDC technology uses 3D BIM models and other information to digitally plan out all aspects of a construction project—from estimating costs to scheduling and risk management. With VDC, integrated multidisciplinary performance models can easily be managed.


•    Early clash detection, in turn saving time and cutting down on costs

•    Increasing collaboration between multidisciplinary parties

•    Improving quality by preconstruction visualization

•    Enhancing health and safety of stakeholders

Case Study:

In one of our healthcare projects located in Dwarka, New Delhi, is an excellent product of FivD’s attempt at energy optimization. With a total built up of 19,306 sqm., this 9 storied complex can hold a little short of 300 beds. VDC allowed FivD for a clearer understanding, stronger communication and a collaborative approach. This helped in benefitting the construction, design and engineering sectors across the board.

This Hospital is a highly energy efficient building, boasting a reduction of upto 46.4% from base energy costs. The implementation of VDC has had a huge contribution to achieve this because it made possible for us to integrate building energy performance models with construction models to accurately predetermine the building performance and energy use.

VDC also helped FivD integrate water management, renewable energy utilization, site management, construction workers’ health and safety and passive design strategies to deliver a project which is efficient, aesthetic and ingenious.

Architects, engineers and contractors have a common goal to work together as a team to save time, reduce costs, and find the most efficient way to approach every part of the project. Utilizing 3D modeling for planning and problem solving before construction starts is quickly becoming the industry standard. FivD’s holistic team uses VDC to improve quality, promote cost savings, and helps the team achieve successful project delivery.

Authored by Hemant Mishra and Ansh Sharma